Research Article| Volume 11, ISSUE 6, P216-225, December 2022

Customized adjuncts with clear aligner therapy: “The Golden Circle Model” explained!

Published:November 15, 2022DOI:


      • Aligners alone are biomechanically inadequate for requisite clinical tooth movements.
      • Temporary anchorage devices (TADs), attachments, buttons, power arms, or Computer-Aided Design (CAD) / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM), appliances, bootstrap, Yin-Yang attachments, Bene/Mesialslider, and BMX expander, few of the creative adjuncts described.
      • The “Golden Circle Model” of “WHY, HOW, and WHAT” with adjuncts explained.
      • Classification of adjunct applications provided, Adjuncts described can be used concomitantly with aligners or as a separate phase before aligners.
      • Workflow with adjuncts has been described in detail along with clinical recommendations.


      Clear aligners are the most debated infusion of technology into the orthodontic stratosphere and currently account for a sizable chunk of the orthodontic commercial market. Data indicate that a series of plastic aligners alone cannot resolve all the variants of malocclusion routinely treated by our specialty. Current literary consensus exists that the discrepancy between the predicted and actual clinical outcomes with clear aligner therapy (CAT) is around 50% or more, necessitating midcourse corrections, refinement, or additional aligners, or even a conversion to fixed appliances before the end of treatment. A practical panacea to improve the predictability of CAT is the addition of creative and customized adjuncts to CAT. This article, inspired by the “Golden Circle Model”, addresses questions such as the “WHY, HOW, and WHAT” of adjuncts used in combination with CAT and depicts an “inside out” approach (from WHY to WHAT) to present the rationale, stepwise clinical workflow, and the advantages of these adjuncts. The bootstrap, mini pin-supported mesialization or distalization, Yin-Yang attachments, Beneslider, Mesialslider, BMX Expander, and Computer-Aided Design (CAD) / Computer-Aided-Manufacturing (CAM)...based innovative appliance designs among others, are presented as adjuncts to CAT in this article. These adjuncts can either be used concomitantly with the aligners or planned as a separate phase of treatment before the commencement of the actual CAT, based on the type of tooth movement required and whether the planned tooth movement is indicated for a single tooth or a group of teeth. An astute clinician who wishes to expand the repertoire of malocclusions that can be successfully managed by CAT should judiciously plan the inclusion of such adjunct appliances in their aligner treatment planning.


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