Evaluation of physiodispenser assisted micro-osteoperforation on the rate of tooth movement and associated periodontal tissue status during individual canine retraction in first premolar extraction cases: A split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial

      ABSTRACT

      Objective

      To assess the rate of tooth movement and the periodontal tissue status over a period of 90 days with and without micro-osteoperforation (MOP).

      Method

      Thirty-three adults of the 19 to 25 age group undergoing labial fixed orthodontic treatment with bilateral maxillary first premolar extraction, requiring individual canine retraction as a part of the treatment plan, were recruited for this split-mouth randomized clinical trial. While performing micro-implant–assisted canine retraction in the maxillary arch, the experimental side received three MOPs each on the mesial and distal aspects of the canine root. The amount of tooth movement was measured clinically at every 15 days interval for 90 days; the periodontal status was assessed clinically (probing depth, relative attachment level) and tomographically (canine root length, alveolar bone level) at the 1st day and 90th day of retraction. The data were subjected to appropriate statistical analyses.

      Results

      A statistically significant difference in tooth movement on the MOP side was observed in the first 45 days, amounting to 1.5 times more than that of the control side. However, during 45 to 90 days, the difference in the rate of tooth movement between the sides was not statistically significant. Changes in periodontal variables were also insignificant between the sides except for the distal alveolar bone level.

      Conclusion

      An increase in the rate of tooth movement can be achieved without any periodontal adverse effects in the first 45 days of the MOP procedure. The effectiveness of the MOP procedure on the rate of tooth movement gradually declined thereafter. Trial Registration: CTRI/2019/07/020403.

      Keywords

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