A postero-anterior cephalometric evaluation of different rapid maxillary expansion appliances



      The purpose of the study was to evaluate dental and skeletal changes induced by tooth-bone–borne, tooth-tissue–borne, and tooth-borne rapid maxillary expansion (RME) appliances using postero-anterior (PA) cephalometric radiographs.


      A total of 54 patients’ (25 boys, 29 girls) PA cephalometric radiographs who had bilateral posterior crossbite and RME treatment were included and divided into three groups according to the type of appliance used during treatment: tooth-bone–borne RME appliance (hybrid Hyrax) (7 boys, 11 girls, mean age 13.28 ± 1.20 years), tooth-tissue–borne RME appliance (TTB) (8 boys, 10 girls, mean age 13.08 ± 1.06 years) and tooth-borne RME appliance (Hyrax) (10 boys, 8 girls, mean age 12.05 ± 1.35 years). Pretreatment (T0) and posttreatment (T1) PA cephalometric radiographs were analyzed with Dolphin software v. 11.7 (Chatsworth, CA). The comparisons of the groups were performed with Two-way analysis of variance. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


      Significant and equal increase of right molar relationship and upper intermolar molar widths occurred in all groups. Dental midline discrepancy showed significant increase in only hybrid Hyrax group between T0 and T1. Significant increases were reported for lateronasal width in hybrid Hyrax and tooth-tissue–borne groups (P < 0.05).


      Both skeletal and dental changes were observed after RME in all groups. However, the greatest skeletal changes were seen in hybrid Hyrax and tooth-tissue-borne groups.


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